'Four Things a Woman Needs to Know'

'Four Things a Woman Needs to Know'
From _The New York Times_, July 30, 1993:

Caroline Klein Simon, who overcame early obstacles to women in the legal
profession to become a pioneering female judge, politician, state official,
and champion of laws against discrimination in jobs and housing, died
yesterday at home.  She was 92 and lived in Manhattan. The cause was a heart
attack, her family said.  Judge Simon, who was still active as a lawyer at
her death, served in state posts under appointments from both Republican and
Democratic governors and was the first woman nominated by a major party for
citywide office in New York City.

She helped draft the nation's first state law barring job discrimination and
later led the nation in imposing regulations against racial 'block busting'
by real-estate brokers.  Judge Simon's credo was simple:
"I am against discrimination in any form," she said.  During her
own career, she faced discrimination from the very beginning.  She was
rejected for admission to Columbia University's law school in the 1920's
because it did not have toilets and other accomodatioins for female students,
her family said.  So she earned her law degree at New York University instead.

After graduation, despite her strong academic record and passing the bar
examination, she was turned down by every firm where she applied to become a
law clerk.  She finally offered to work free for a year "to convince them
that a woman could be a lawyer," she later recalled.  Greenbaum, Wolff, &
Ernst took her up and after the year was up she was offered a permanent job.
But she decided instead to work for indigent clients and family planning
groups. Three decades later, she was a leading candidate to become the
postmaster of New York in 1958 but was vetoed by Federal officials.
_The New York Times_ reported [then], based on officials close to the
Postmaster General:  "Opposition to the appointment of Mrs. Carolyn K. Simon
was based on the ground that the job was unsuited to a woman."

In a widely quoted speech the next year [1959], she said:  "There are four
things a woman needs to know.  She needs to know how to look like a girl, act
like a lady, think like a man, and work like a dog."

Her public service began in the 1930's when she was instrumental in changing
state laws to entitle women to serve as jurors and was herself among the
first called to service.  [SNIP]  She helped draft the nation's first state
law on job bias based on race, religion, or nationality, and became a
founding member of the resulting [New York] State Commission against
Discrimination.  [SNIP]  [In 1957] she ran for City Council President as a
Republican.  Although she lost...by about two-to-one, she still ran some
100,100 votes ahead of her ticket and received the biggest total for a
citywide Republican candidate.  In 1959 Governor Nelson A.
Rockefeller...inducted her as New York's Secretary of State....  It was in
that role that she issued the nation's first regulations against block
busting, in which brokers manipulated property owners' fears about racial or
ethnic changes in the neighborhood in order to provoke sales.  [SNIP]

Caroline K. Simon, PIONEER, dead at 92:  _requiescat in pace aeternum_


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