HERSTORY.TXT

10-15-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
      Arleen Tuchman of Vanderbilt University is writing a biography
of Marie Zakrzewska, M.D. (1829-1902) who founded the New England
Hospital for Women and Children in Boston in 1862.  She is interested
in any manuscript collections in which Zakrzewska is mentioned, letters,
diaries, memoirs of students and/or colleagues of Zakrzewska.  It is
known that Zakrzewska gave her personal papers to Agnes Vietor, M.D.,
who wrote _A Woman's Quest_, a biography of Zakrzewska in the 1920s. 
Tuchman is particularly interested in the whereabouts of these papers.
Contact Arleen Tuchman at "[email protected]" or at 
Vanderbilt University, History Department, Box 1652-B, Nashville TN 
37235.
      _Pregnant Men:  Practice, Theory, and the Law_ by Ruth Colker
of the University of Pittsburgh School of Law has just been published
by the Indian University Press, available in papberback. The book
focuses on  developing a feminist jurisprudence that works in practice,
not just in theory.   The two theoretical issues considered are "anti-
essentialism" and "equality."  She shows how one can use equality
theory in the reproductive health context despite the nonexistence of
pregnant men to which we might compare pregnant women. Through
practical, legal examples, she answers the counterfactual question of
how men might be treated if they could get pregnant.       Colker
says, "I tried to write the book in a way that would make it accessible
to a women's studies audience as well as a legal audience because, no
matter what our areas of feminist practice, I think we all face the
question of how to make our theory work in practice.  I believe
strongly in the importance of a practical feminism." Anniversaries -=-=-
=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-B. 10-15-1830, Helen Maria
Hunt Jackson, author and advocate for Amerinds. Best know work
Ramona, 1884, which has gone through more than 300 printings.  She
had turned to writing to earn a living following the death of her
husband.  She was a lifelong friend of Emily Dickinson.
B. 10-15-1831, Isabella Lucy Bishop, (Lucy Bird) English explorer and
travel writer and first woman member of the Royal Geographic Society.
Studied medicine and founded two hospitals in India and three hospitals
in China. Ref: Barr, P. A Curious Life for a Lady (1985) B. 10-15-1872,
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, after President Wilson's stroke, she shielded
him and effectively became the nation's first woman president by
assuming his duties. 
B. 10-15-1880, Marie Carmichael Stopes, founded first clinic for
contraception in England
Quote du jour -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-     
"...the cost of employing women in management is greater than the cost
of employing men ... The greater cost of employing women is not a
function of inescapable gender differences.  Women are different from
men, but what increases their cost to the corporation is principally the
clash of their perceptions, attitude, and behavior with those men, which
is to say with the policies and practices of male-led corporations."    
  -- Felice N. Schwartz, 1989

 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use. 

=============================================================

10-14-94 Women of Achievement and Herstory
      Get a pencil and paper out for this one ...
      James Alan Mack Jr. was adopted by Linda and James Mack Sr. 
Linda Mack's sister, Ann Scacco donated the egg which was fertilized
by sperm donated by James Sr., and the fertilized egg was
implanted into the womb of Katharine Huemann, James Sr.'s sister. 
That means young Jimmy has three mothers, genetic, birth, and
rearing ... all related ... which makes the very controversial book
Heather has Two Mommies about lesbian mothers kind of tame in
comparison.
       We quote from _Heather Has Two Mommies_ (which is one of the
most popular books in the banned-by-religious-right-movement.)
       "After they were friends for a long long time, Kate and Jane
realized that they were very much in love with each other.  They
decided they wanted to live together and be a family together....(They
were happy together) except for one thing. Kate and Jane wanted to
have a baby ...they decide the baby would grow in Jane's womb.  A
womb is a special place inside a woman where babies grow ...After the
(special) doctor examined Jane to make sure she was healthy, she put
some sperm into Jane's vagina.The sperm swam up into Jane's womb ..."
      What makes James Mack having a baby through what used to be
considered incest by using his SISTER's womb (Katharine Huemann)
right and a loving lesbian couple having a child with donated sperm
wrong?  Read it for yourself. _Heather Has Two Mommies_ may be
ordered from your local woman's bookstore or directly from the
publisher Alyson Publications, Dept. H-80, 40 Plympton St., Boston, MA
02118.  They also publish Daddy's Roommate.  Alyson publishes a
number of books for children about lesbian and gay relationships as
well as diversity.  Most are $7.95 or $9.00. 
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
B. 10-14-1856, Eliza Scidmore, pioneer travel writer and prominent
member of the National Geographic Society.  Her work was so admired
by the Emperor of Japan that her ashes were carried to Japan and
buried there.
B. 10-14-1888, Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand-Anglo short story
writer.
B. 10-14-1896, Lillian Gish, actress.  Birth of A Nation (1915) established
her as a star and she continued to act and win acclaim on the stage,
in movies, and on radio and television for more than 60 years.
B. 10-14-1906, Hannah Arendt, first woman professor at Princeton in
1959, Professor of political science at University of Chicago. German-
American who worked for Jewish relief after fleeing Germany and
France. Teacher, writer and political philosopher, she condemned the
separation of moral thought from political action (as well as scientific
ethics in developing things they could not control.)  
Event 10-14-1979, the first ever national march for lesbian and gay
rights was held in Washington DC with more than 100,000 in attendance.
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with

copyright notice for non-profit use. Don't let anyone tell you there
weren't notable and effective women throughout history.  They were
always there, but historians failed to note them in our histories so that
each generation of women has had to reinvent themselves.

================================================================

10-16-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
B. 10-16-1898, William O. Douglas, US Supreme Court Judge held most
responsible for Roe V Wade and the legalization of abortion in the US.
B. 10-16-1902, Beryl Markham, pioneer professional pilot and author. 
She wrote several autobiographical books including _West With the
Night_.
Event 10-16-1916: The first birth control clinic in US herstory opened
by Margaret Sanger, Fania Mindell, and Ethel Byrne in New York City.
The circular announcing its opening was printed in English, Yiddish,
and Italian. A near riot occurred when hundreds of women lined up
before dawn.  All three women went to jail at various times for their
birth control efforts, birth control being considered immoral and
obscene under the patriarchal laws. Between no birth control and no
abortion, the average life span of married women was less than 40 years
at the time. 
B. 10-16-1924, Lauren Bacall, actor best known for her roles opposite
Humphrey Bogart whom she married, and for her stage and television
roles.  Won Tony Award for _Applause_. 
B. 10-16-1925, Angela Lansbury, Anglo-American actor of stage, screen
and television. Won Tony awards in 1966, 69, 74, and 79, and multiple 
Emmys for her work in _Murder she Wrote_,nominated for three Academy
Awards, setting the standard for evil mothers in _Manchurian
Candidate_ (1962). 
Event 10-16-1975, the First Bank of New York, headed by Madelaine
McWhinney, declared it would not discriminate against women (or men)
when it opened.  Almost 1,000 women who had been treated unfairly by
the prevailing economic rules became its first customers, the very first
day.  In those days, banks almost always refused loans or credit to
women, even requiring some women to obtain permission to borrow from
ex-husbands or their fathers (as happened to the compiler of Women of
Achievement and Herstory.)
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use. Don't let anyone tell you there
weren't notable and effective women throughout history.  They were
always there, but historians failed to note them in our histories so that
each generation of women has had to reinvent themselves.

==============================================================

10-13-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
      B. 10-13-1754, Molly Pitcher, the first American woman recognized
as having been in combat.  She was a water carrier at the Battle of
Monmouth June 28, 1778, loaded and fired a cannon when her husband
collapsed.  What is glossed over in histories is the fact that she was
already ON the battlefield as were many other women carrying water,
food, and military supplies to the soldiers, as well as tending the
wounded right on the battlefield, all under fire. General Washington
issued Molly a warrant as a noncommissioned officer, and she received
a small pension.  Her real name was Mary Hays McCauley.
      At least 400 women are known to have participated in the US Civil
War on BOTH sides - and an additional unknown number cross-dressed
and fought and died as male soldiers.  
      "Laundresses, prostitutes, female combatants, and other camp
followers, including wives, were often collectively referred to as
vivandiers, whether they fit the definition or not...That women
accompanied Civil War soldiers into the fields with their regiments is an
historically established fact."  -- Quoted from U.S. Army Military History
Institute at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, literature as reprinted by 
      While moving the graves of the union dead near Gesaca, Georgia,
for reinterment to a national cemetery in 1886, the body of Charles
Johehouse, Private 6th MO was noticeable by its small feet.  Closer
examination proved Johehouse to be a woman in full uniform shot
through the head.  Her real name is unknown.
      Human bones unearthed outside Shiloh Battlefield Park while a
home owner was planting a garden turned out to be those of nine union
soldiers, eight men and one woman.
      Johnson, Mary Jane, age 16, was discovered to be a woman while
at the Belle Island Prison in 1863.  She had been with the 11th
Kentucky Cavalry for about a year. Nellie, a soldier with the 102nd New
York fought at Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Loookout
Mountain before being discovered to be a woman.
      Whatever the numbers, the following quote indicates that the
problem of women who dressed, fought and died as men was too common
to ignore: "In the early years of the war, regulations were lax due to
the desperate need for battlefield replacement.  Anyone who was willing
and looked like they could fight was handed a gun.  Later in the last
year of the war, soldiers were required to strip to the waist for
examination."  Quote from _Hearts of Fire ... Soldier Women of the Civil
War_ by Lee Middleton. ISBN #1-882755-00-6.  Privately printed.
      Several women were formally recognized as Civil War soldiers and
received pensions as well as full military burials...more later....
      Event 10-13-1905: on this day the conspiracy of silence against
women's efforts to obtain the vote in England was broken when
Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney were arrested for demonstrating
for the vote.  Previously, the police had merely moved the women away
and the press ignored the incidents, but this time the newspapers
_had_ to carry stories of the arrests.  Christabel stated afterwards that
she _knew_ she had to do something to cause a commotion and with a

burly policeman pinning her arms and carrying her away AS USUAL,
there was nothing else she could think of to do: she spat in his face.
Twelve years later, in 1917, English women over 30 had the vote.
       (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use. 

==============================================================

10-17-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
      "`Read Paglia, says he (my editor), you'll have an opinion.'  So I
did; and I do.
      "Christ!  Get this woman a Valium!
      "Hand her a gin.  Try meditation.  Camille, honey, calm down!
      "....Tracing Paglia;s intellectual ancestry is a telling exercise; she's
the lineal descendant of Ayn Rand, who in turn was a student of William
Graham Sumner, one of the early American sociologists and an
enormously successful popularizer of social Darwinism.  Sumner was in
turn a disciple of Herbert Spencer, that splendid nineteenth century
kook.  Because Paglia reasserts ideas so ingrained in our thinking, she
has become popular by reaffirming common prejudices.
      "....What we have here, fellow citizens, is a crassly egocentric,
raving twit.  The Norman Podhoretz of our gender.  That this woman is
actually taken seriously as a thinker in New York Intellectual circles is
a clear sign of decadence, decay, and hopeless pinheadedness.  Has no
in the nation's intellectual capital the background an ability to see
through a web of categorical assertions?  One fashionable line of
response to Paglia is to claimed that even though she may be
fundamentally off-base, she has 'flashes of brilliance."  If so, I missed
them in her oceans of swill.
      "One of her latest efforts at playing enfant terrible ... (was)
claiming that either there is no such thing as date rape, or, if there is,
it's women's fault because we dress so provocatively.  Thanks, Camille,
I've got some Texas fraternity boys I want you to meet.
      "There is one area in which I think Paglia and I would agree that
politically correct feminism has produced a noticeable inequity. 
Nowadays, when a woman behaves in a hysterical and disagreeable
fashion, we say ' Poor dear, it's probably PMS.'  Whereas if a man
behaves in a hysterical an disagreeable fashion, we say, "What an
asshole.'  Let me leap to correct this unfairness by saying of Paglia,
Sheesh, what an asshole."    -- Molly Ivins, Mother Jones, October, 1991.
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
B. 10-17-1760, Anne Parrish, founded House of Industry in 1795 to
supply employment for poor women in Philadelphia. It was the first
charitable organization for women in America in a time when poor women
- unable to secure education or training - had few alternatives to
prostitution if left widowed, orphaned, or deserted.
B. 10-17-1818, Elizabeth Van Lew, as Crazy Bet she was able to do
extensive intelligence gathering for the Union during the Civil War,
particularly in Richmond. She was given the postmistress job at
Richmond as a reward.  In later years she protested paying taxes
because she was not allowed to vote.
B. 10-17-1895, Doris Humphrey, pioneer of American modern dance. 
Believed movement creates its own meaning.
Event 10-17-1989, Antonia Novello, a pediatrician born in Puerto Rico,
is appointed U.S. Surgeon General. She is the first woman, as well as
the first person of Hispanic origin, to hold the position.
B. 10-17-1956, Mae C. Jemison, first black woman astronaut with the

American NASA program.  She is a physician, a chemical engineer, a
self-described "womanist", and pro-choice.
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use. 
==============================================================

10-14-94 Women of Achievement and Herstory
      Get a pencil and paper out for this one ...
      James Alan Mack Jr. was adopted by Linda and James Mack Sr. 
Linda Mack's sister, Ann Scacco donated the egg which was fertilized
by sperm donated by James Sr., and the fertilized egg was
implanted into the womb of Katharine Huemann, James Sr.'s sister. 
That means young Jimmy has three mothers, genetic, birth, and
rearing ... all related ... which makes the very controversial book
Heather has Two Mommies about lesbian mothers kind of tame in
comparison.
       We quote from _Heather Has Two Mommies_ (which is one of the
most popular books in the banned-by-religious-right-movement.)
       "After they were friends for a long long time, Kate and Jane
realized that they were very much in love with each other.  They
decided they wanted to live together and be a family together....(They
were happy together) except for one thing. Kate and Jane wanted to
have a baby ...they decide the baby would grow in Jane's womb.  A
womb is a special place inside a woman where babies grow ...After the
(special) doctor examined Jane to make sure she was healthy, she put
some sperm into Jane's vagina.The sperm swam up into Jane's womb ..."
      What makes James Mack having a baby through what used to be
considered incest by using his SISTER's womb (Katharine Huemann)
right and a loving lesbian couple having a child with donated sperm
wrong?  Read it for yourself. _Heather Has Two Mommies_ may be
ordered from your local woman's bookstore or directly from the
publisher Alyson Publications, Dept. H-80, 40 Plympton St., Boston, MA
02118.  They also publish Daddy's Roommate.  Alyson publishes a
number of books for children about lesbian and gay relationships as
well as diversity.  Most are $7.95 or $9.00. 
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
B. 10-14-1856, Eliza Scidmore, pioneer travel writer and prominent
member of the National Geographic Society.  Her work was so admired
by the Emperor of Japan that her ashes were carried to Japan and
buried there.
B. 10-14-1888, Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand-Anglo short story
writer.
B. 10-14-1896, Lillian Gish, actress.  Birth of A Nation (1915) established
her as a star and she continued to act and win acclaim on the stage,
in movies, and on radio and television for more than 60 years.
B. 10-14-1906, Hannah Arendt, first woman professor at Princeton in
1959, Professor of political science at University of Chicago. German-
American who worked for Jewish relief after fleeing Germany and
France. Teacher, writer and political philosopher, she condemned the
separation of moral thought from political action (as well as scientific
ethics in developing things they could not control.)  
Event 10-14-1979, the first ever national march for lesbian and gay
rights was held in Washington DC with more than 100,000 in attendance.
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with

copyright notice for non-profit use. Don't let anyone tell you there
weren't notable and effective women throughout history.  They were
always there, but historians failed to note them in our histories so that
each generation of women has had to reinvent themselves.

=================================================================

10-18-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
    With all the religious supremacists spouting their hatred and
trying to cookie cut us into their mold, we thought the following
message in honor of National Coming Out Day might be a reaffirmation
present for those who still believe in a god/dess of love and peace:
    "I appreciate this opportunity to affirm the University of
California's commitment to seeing that our campuses continue to be
communities that welcome the strengths and contributions of the diverse
individuals they embrace, regardless of race, sex, sexual orientation, or
another personal characteristic.  At the most basic level, this
commitment is reflected in the University's longstanding concern about
protecting individuals against discrimination.  UC policies are very clear
in this regard, and we work hard to see that their spirit is encouraged
and respected throughout the University community.
    "Beyond these basic protections, I want the Universitry's lesbian,
gay, and bisexual community to know that I consider it essential to
ensure that broad discussion and consultation occur on issues important
to you, including such matters as whether benefits should be provided
for domestic partners on the same basis as spouses of employees...."
    -- Jack W. Peltason, President, The University of California
(Note: The University of California is comprised of 9 campuses and 2
labs. They are: UC San Diego, UC Irvine, UC Riverside, UCLA, UC Santa
Barbara, UC Santa Cruz, UC Berkeley, UC San Francisco, UC Davis,
Lawrence Berkeley Labs, Los Alamos Lab.)
An Exhibit Celebrating Historical Women Scientists is opening December
8 in the Tozzer Library, The Peabody Museum, Harvard, Cambridge, MA.
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
Born 10-18-1836, Ellen Browning Scripps, she assisted her brother in
numerous ways on his way to acquiring the Detroit Evening News and
was a Jane of all trades from proof to writing to make it a success. She
then turned her all of her energies and money to her brother Edward
who was beginning a newspaper career in Cleveland.  Through wise
investments in newspapers as well as real estate she became a multi-
millionaire whose philanthropic works included the Scripps Institution
of Oceanography, and Scripps Memorial Hospital in La Jolla (both with
Edward) and singly the Scripps College for Women in Claremont, CA.,
and helped establish the San Diego Zoo.
B. 10-18-1889, Fannie Hurst, novelist, playwright, and screen writer.
_Back Street_, 1931, is perhaps her best known work. She often worked
at menial jobs to get the proper insight into her characters.
B. 10-18-1909, Helen Paull Kirkpatrick, theorist whose brilliance led her
from journalism and foreign correspondent to US ambassador to the
United Nations.
Reference books, etc., give three different dates 10/10, 10/17 and 10/18
for the marvelous Martina, but in checking with her official biog, it's
B. 10-18-1956, Martina Navratilova*, Czech-born, American tennis
champion. Nine-time Wimbledon singles champion and winner of more
tournaments than any other woman tennis player. Her serve was
measured at 90-miles-per-hour. Her grandmother was a ranking tennis

player in Czechoslovakia. 
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use. Don't let anyone tell you there
weren't notable and effective women throughout history.  They were
always there, but historians failed to note them in our histories so that
each generation of women has had to reinvent themselves.

---------------------------------------------------------------------
[****PNEWS CONFERENCES****]
From: [email protected]
Subject: 10-22-94 Women of Achievement and Herstory

10-21-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
     "I have come to accept that a patriarchal society depends in
large measure on the experience and values of males being perceived
as the ONLY valid frame of reference for society, and that it is
therefore in patriarchal interest to prevent women from sharing,
establishing  and asserting their equally real, valid and DIFFERENT
frame of reference, which is the outcome of different experience.
     "It is men who have decreed that women occupy a different
place from themselves in a patriarchal universe, but men do not know
what it is to be in that different place.  Yet without any direct
experience of what it feels like to be half of humanity, men have
proceeded to describe and explain the world from their own point of
view, and have assumed that their PARTIAL experience of the world
is all that exists.  Women's experience is non-existent, invisible,
unreal from the outset, and it my contention that is patriarchy is to
be preserved, women's invisibility must remain.
     "(Men) are not justified in generalizing that their male
experience is the sum total of human experience."
     -- Dale Spender, _Women of Ideas & What men have done to
them_.  Pandora Books, London 1988 & 1990. This book is on my top
ten list of works that illuminate our lives.
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
Born 10-21-1821, Anne Jane Hartley Gilbert, English-American actor-
dancer, known primarily as Mrs. Gilbert, became one of the "Big
Four" whose other members were John Drew, James Lewis, and Ada
Rehan.  She starred in _Granny_ on Broadway at age 83.
B. 10-21-1929, Ursula LeGuin, Hugo and Newbery award winning
author known primarily for her science fiction and fantasy novels. 
B. 10-21-1956, Carrie Fisher, actor and writer, daughter of actor
Debbie Reynolds. Most notable role, Princess Leia in the _Star Wars_
series.
Event 10-21-1958, Barbara Wootton, British sociologist, economist, and
author who became the first woman admitted to the British House of
Lords with the right to sit, speak, and vote since it was formed
almost 600 years before.  She called it "a very nice club, an
extraordinarily futile way of life." 
Event 10-21-1984, Diane Sawyer breaks the 10-year sex-bias on
_Sixty Minutes_ to become its first woman correspondent.
Event 10-21-1989, President Bush vetoes legislation that would have
allowed the use of federal Medicaid funds to pay for abortions in
cases of rape or incest. 
Quotes du jour -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
     "One of the things about equality is not just that you be
treated  equally to a man, but that you treat yourself equally to the
way that you treat a man."               
     --Marlo Thomas
"The Right to Safety and Security of Person
"The Right to Equality of Opportunity
"The Right to Citizenship and its Privileges

"The Right to Freedom of Conscience and Expression."
     -- President's Commission on Civil Rights, 1947.
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use. 

========================================================

[****PNEWS CONFERENCES****]
From: [email protected]
Subject: 10-23-94 Women of Achievement and Herstory

10-23-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
     Let's have a little HIStory test, shall we?  Within ten ears, when
did each of the following occur?  Each question has a different answer.
     1.) The Roman Catholic Pope forbade the sacraments to any woman
with bare arms. 
     2.) The US Supreme Court upheld a Florida statute which provided
that no female would be called for jury duty unless she had registered
to be placed on the jury list although all men faced jury duty without
registration. 
     3.) The first suit EVER - seven years after enactment of Equal Pay
Act - was filed on behalf of males (of course?) at McDonald's.  Seems
adult women were being paid more than high school boys.
     4.) Columbia College became the last of the Ivy League colleges to
admit women as students although at various times in its history, women
had been invited to lecture and teach the all-male student body.
     Three out of four correct answers (within ten years) will receive
an email certificate of achievement ... 
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
B. 10-23-1862, Marion Allen, artist, noted for her portraits in oil. 
Event 10-23-1885: formal opening of Bryn Mawr, Pa., which offered
women graduate work leading to M.A., and PhD degrees, the first college
in the US to offer advanced degrees to women.
B. 10-23-1899, Emily Kimbrough, author best known for the endearing
_Our Hearts Were Young and Gay._
B. 10-23-1906, Gertrude Ederle, Gold medal olympic swimmer in the 1921-
25 period held 19 national and world amateur swimming records.  She
was the first woman to swim the English Channel. Because of heavy seas
and storm tides, she actually swam 35 miles when she swam the 21-mile
wide Channel in 14 hours 31 minutes, to break the male world record
by one hour and 59 minutes 
Event, 10-23-1915: the growing support for women's suffrage is evident
in the 25,000 women marching in New York City.  
Event 10-23-1987, the president "advised" but the U.S. Senate by a
vote of 58-42 did not consent to Robert Bork being placed on the U.S.
Supreme Court.  Bork identified himself through his writings and
speeches as a strict constructionist advocating limited women's rights,
citing his views of the original intent of the writers of the U.S.
Constitution as well being further limited by the 14th amendment.
Quote du jour -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
     "I wish to persuade women to endeavour to acquire strength, both
of mind and body, and to convince them that the soft phrases,
susceptibility of heart, delicacy of sentiment and refinement of taste, in
short, those attributes which men have deemed necessary as femininity,
are almost synonymous with the epithets of weakness, and that those
beings who are only the objects of pity, and that kind of love which
is termed its sister, will soon become objects of contempt."
     --Mary Wollstonecraft, 1792
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use. Don't let anyone tell you there
weren't notable and effective women throughout history.  They were
always there, but historians failed to note them in our histories so that
each generation of women has had to reinvent themselves.

=============================================

[****PNEWS CONFERENCES****]
From: [email protected]
Subject: 10-21-94 Women of Achievement and Herstory

10-21-1994 Women of Achievement and Herstory
     "I have come to accept that a patriarchal society depends in
large measure on the experience and values of males being perceived
as the ONLY valid frame of reference for society, and that it is
therefore in patriarchal interest to prevent women from sharing,
establishing  and asserting their equally real, valid and DIFFERENT
frame of reference, which is the outcome of different experience.
     "It is men who have decreed that women occupy a different
place from themselves in a patriarchal universe, but men do not know
what it is to be in that different place.  Yet without any direct
experience of what it feels like to be half of humanity, men have
proceeded to describe and explain the world from their own point of
view, and have assumed that their PARTIAL experience of the world
is all that exists.  Women's experience is non-existent, invisible,
unreal from the outset, and it my contention that is patriarchy is to
be preserved, women's invisibility must remain.
     "(Men) are not justified in generalizing that their male
experience is the sum total of human experience."
     -- Dale Spender, _Women of Ideas & What men have done to
them_.  Pandora Books, London 1988 & 1990. This book is on my top
ten list of works that illuminate our lives.
Anniversaries -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
Born 10-21-1821, Anne Jane Hartley Gilbert, English-American actor-
dancer, known primarily as Mrs. Gilbert, became one of the "Big
Four" whose other members were John Drew, James Lewis, and Ada
Rehan.  She starred in _Granny_ on Broadway at age 83.
B. 10-21-1929, Ursula LeGuin, Hugo and Newbery award winning
author known primarily for her science fiction and fantasy novels. 
B. 10-21-1956, Carrie Fisher, actor and writer, daughter of actor
Debbie Reynolds. Most notable role, Princess Leia in the _Star Wars_
series.
Event 10-21-1958, Barbara Wootton, British sociologist, economist, and
author who became the first woman admitted to the British House of
Lords with the right to sit, speak, and vote since it was formed
almost 600 years before.  She called it "a very nice club, an
extraordinarily futile way of life." 
Event 10-21-1984, Diane Sawyer breaks the 10-year sex-bias on
_Sixty Minutes_ to become its first woman correspondent.
Event 10-21-1989, President Bush vetoes legislation that would have
allowed the use of federal Medicaid funds to pay for abortions in
cases of rape or incest. 
Quotes du jour -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
     "One of the things about equality is not just that you be
treated  equally to a man, but that you treat yourself equally to the
way that you treat a man."               
     --Marlo Thomas
"The Right to Safety and Security of Person
"The Right to Equality of Opportunity
"The Right to Citizenship and its Privileges

"The Right to Freedom of Conscience and Expression."
     -- President's Commission on Civil Rights, 1947.
 (C) 1994 Irene Stuber, PO Box 6185, Hot Springs National Park, AR
71902, [email protected] Distribute verbatim copies freely with
copyright notice for non-profit use.