FILENAME: CHAP-1A ************************ CHAPTER ONE ************************* The Universal Hologram ====================== SCIENTIFIC authorities aver that the fourth dimension is a concept of purely abstract mathematics, and no human intellect can possibly visualize a tangible hyperspacial structure. The natural reflex of lay people to proclamations from Olympus is to believe the gods without question --- especially if you don't know what they are talking about. If you can resist your Unconscious reflex to suspend your disbelief, however, your critical faculties will be aroused to demand an explanation. And you want to be told in terms you can understand; an explanation you can't understand is no explanation at all --- like being paid money you can't spend. An expert can't explain anything to you unless he knows what you can understand. Therefore, it is necessary for you to tell the exegist what you know before he can begin to tell you what he knows. So, how do you tell the expert where you are coming from without drawing a detailed map of your entire life territory? The expert sees what you know by the questions you ask him. Now you may wonder what kind of a question tells what you know, already. The right question to ask for a comprehendable explanation is the question to which you already know the answer; any other question will elicit a reply that can only confuse the matter. You can prove the practicality of this tactic by observing what happens every time your child asks a question without knowing what he is talking about. If you can't think of a question that you can answer immediately, ask a question for which you know how to find the answer. You can always find the answer to your question if you ask what the mystery does and what you can do about it? Directions you can understand but cannot implement mean that the matter is of no concern to you, so you are only wasting your time by investing more than idle curiosity. Anyone who can't give you directions you can follow doesn't know what you are talking about, and probably doesn't know what he is talking about, either, so you are only wasting your curiosity, never mind your belief. The main importance of knowing the answer when asking questions is that you also know when you are being answered truthfully, or you'll find out soon enough. Ah... so! A good question for starters is what are the identifiable characteristics of hyperspace that make it different from the ordinary garden variety of real estate where you hoe for a living. By strict mathematical definition, at least four dimensions are required in a space that can hold more than one (tridimensional) volume in the same place at the same time. All you have to do to find hyperspace is put two things in the same place at the same time --- and there you have hyperspace, already. See how easy it is to understand the inconceivable when you ask questions you can answer? Now, you are thinking that I am trying you for a fool. How can you put more than one thing in the same place at the same time? The directions cannot be followed; therefore, my own precepts prove I don't know what I am talking about. Trust me, and follow my directions. The professor demonstrates the fourth dimension to undergraduates by placing an object on his desk, then replacing that object with another object. This is supposed to show that two volumes can occupy the same volume at different times, proving that time is a fourth dimension. Do you see where the professor is breaking the rules? The mathematical definition specifies that two things must occupy the same place at the same ----------- time before the space can be hyper; occupying the same place at ---- different times is not the same thing, at all. It is flabbergasting that profs have been bamboozling students for nearly a century without anyone blowing the whistle; anyone presenting this case in law school would be cashiered as soon as everyone realized he wasn't kidding. If you want to see real hyperspace, take one very level teaspoon of coarsely granulated sugar and one very level teaspoon of water. Now, drip the water onto the sugar until you have one heaping teaspoon of mixed solution. VOILA! you are looking at one teaspoonful of 80% pure hyperspace in your hand. How 'bout that, Mr. Spielberg? You will object that the water is merely filling the empty spaces between the crystals and the molecules of sugar. And there you have it. You have just discovered the principle of hyperspace. Genius is simply a matter of recognizing what you are looking for when you find it. You have just demonstrated that it is possible for two material volumes to coexist in the same space at the same time if they are not continuous. In other words, a continuous space ---------- is tridimensional, but a discontinuous space allows another --- discontinuous space to occupy the discontinuities, thereby answering the mathematical definition of four-dimensional hyperspace. Discontinuous space-time is what the Quantum Theory is all about. The molecules of a solvent do not have enough empty space between them to contain the molecules of a solute without some increase in the volume of the solution; the amount of additional space occupied by the molecular intermixture varies according to the kind of molecules. There is, however, enough space between atoms for another kind of atoms to occupy without increasing the volume of their sum. The proof is found in gas chemistry; when 44.8 litres of hydrogen is burned with 22.4 litres of oxygen, exactly 22.4 litres of water vapour is produced. When the volume of oxygen is chemically combined with the volume of hydrogen, the compounded mixture occupies exactly the same amount of space as the smaller volume of atoms. Chemistry, you see, is the applied science of hyperspace. (*1) A solution is not only a discontinuous structure manifesting four-dimensional properties, but the molecules comprising a solution are also so thoroughly mixed that any sample contains the same information that any other sample holds, and the information of any sample is identical to the information of the entire volume. A structure that contains all the information in every one of its parts, and all parts has the same significance as the whole, is called a hologram. Solutions -------- are the original holograms and holograms are hyperspacial -------------------------- structures. ---------- Although the Greeks had words for wind, some writers say the Greeks were unable to perceive the existence of still air. Likewise, hyperspace remains unknown to science simply because it is manifest as the oceans of air, water, and light we live in. (SIDE-1) Einstein established the concept of the fourth dimension as a popular scientific fact, yet, he persisted in thinking of space-time as a continuum. You have just seen for yourself, that it is impossible to contain four dimensions in a continuum. It is the contradiction between Einstein's calculations and his beliefs that made him express his Theory of Relativity in words impossible to comprehend. Contemporary with Einstein, Max Planck plotted the four-dimensional coordinates of atomic space while continuing to express himself in tridimensional concepts. And so the two seminal genius of modern physics argued across the dimensional gap all their lives, unable to reach an agreement. CLOSE THIS FILE OPEN FILE "CHAP-2B" ============================================= SIDE-1 Have you ever seen a three-dimensional square? A square is a two-dimensional figure, by mathematical definition; therefore, a three-dimensional square must be a contradiction of terms. A space that can contain more than one plane structure on the same plane at the same time answers the mathematical definition of a hyperplane. Actually, no one ever made this mathematical definition until now; nobody thought such a definition would ever be needed. Now, project a photographic diapositive slide onto a screen. The image you see on the projection plane is two-dimensional, isn't it? Now, project another image onto the same screen at the same time and look at the inconceivable mathematical impossibility, two perfect planes in the same perfect plane at the same time. The perfect hyperplane is physically possible because light is the very discontinuous wave phenomenon by which Planck discovered and proved the Quantum Theory. Make this demonstration in school to show your colleagues the five stages of psychological repression when the prof flips into a Freudian crash --- provided, of course, that you have already decided you don't need an academic degree to support your sex life in the style to which she wants to become accustomed. ------------------------------------------------------------- *1 Hyperspace can be deduced from the Pauli Exclusion Principle; to wit, two particles cannot occupy the same energy level at the same time. Exclusion is the effect of phase opposition. Atoms in phase harmony, however, can occupy the space at the opposite phase of the other. A chemical explosion occurs when a shock flips the atomic vibrations out of phase harmony, causing them to repel each other. 30 FILENAME: CHAPTER-1B ____________________________ I I I The Theory of Relativity I I changed everything, I I except the way I I Einstein thought. I I____________________________I MATHEMATICIANS define a four-dimensional hypersphere as a ball containing every point in its volume on its surface. In other words, a hypersphere is a globe that is all surface, inside and out. If you are baffled, it is simply because you are unfamiliar with the verbal statement. You have made hyperspheres all your life without knowing it by so many words; nobody told you that reg'lar fellas make a hypersphere every morning because nobody thought you had to know, so the concept was not included in high school family planning courses. Take a sizable piece of tissue paper. It is practically all surface and practically no volume, isn't it? Now, crumple it into a ball. VOILA! You got the whole hypersphere in your hand. The wad is all surface, inside and out, isn't it? (SIDE-1) Books are all surface, inside and out, and no words are so plane as the written word. Libraries are filled with four- dimensional hypervolumes. Whereas oral communication can be processed in Consciousness as small as four dimensions, the written language resists reading by minds no greater than four dimensions. This is why Johhny can't read after graduating from high school. Physicists are puzzled by the way some particles disappear at one place and reappear elsewhere, with no trace of passing through the intervening space and time. They say that locations widely separated in real space are adjacent to each other in the fourth dimension. The concept of wormholes is postulated to --------- account for jumps through warps in atomic space-time; a wormhole is nothing but a quantum jump that doesn't know when to whoa. Now, if you look at the wad of paper in your hand, you will see that points separated by considerable surface distance are in contact. You are holding a handful of wormholes. If you could compress the wad to atomic density, every point on its surface would be practically in contact with every other point on its surface at the same time, making the entire wad into one humungous wormhole. Quantum jumps occur on the atomic scale simply because an atom is all wormhole. A structure containing every point in contact with every other point is a hologram. (*1) ============================================= SIDE-1 The human brain has more surface for its volume than the brain of any other creature. It is necessary for the human brain to have a high ratio of surface to volume because the human nervous system operates at a high electrical potential. Tesla proved that a voltage moves to the surface of its conductor as its charge is raised. If the human brain does not have enough surface to contain its charge within its inefficient dielectric, nervous electricity will arc and the body will go into convulsions. As the human brain increases its surface, the operation of the human mind evolves from tridimensional activity to quadimensional activity. The mental faculty for fine-focus is actually splitting hairs to the fourth dimension. As a focussing faculty, language comes to us from the fourth dimension. We have dominion over the beasts of the field because language raises human consciousness to a dimension above all the other animals. If time is a higher dimension, then we rule the planet because we are conscious of time, also; words are timed. The ability of the brain to associate ideas that are widely separated by a line of logic is a manifestation of wormholes in the brain --- so you really do need holes in your head. The TAO says that a cup holds its contents by virtue of its emptiness. An absolutely empty cup is all surface, and that is the end to which the human brain is evolving. Empty space is all surface, as you can prove for yourself by simple palpation. The ambient electromagnetic field is the Universal Mind of God that has raised its voltage beyond the capacity of a material brain. Now you can see that your very own mind becomes the legendary Divine Cup when it is perfectly empty, and your own Consciousness is the very Holy Grail sought by all the more or less steined philosophers. --------------------------------------------------------------- * Now that you know a hologram is the product of infinitesmal division and perfect distribution, you understand that every point-event in the universe is in immediate contact with a REPLICA of every other point-event in the universe. Particles don't jump through wormholes; quantum jumps are an illusion created when a particle accelerates above detectability (i.e. light speed) by drawing energy from another particle already above light speed. When the drawn clone drops into detectability below light speed, the perceived effect is identical to a single identified particle that disappears in one place and reappears instantaneously in another. 30 FILENAME: CHAP-1C ____________________ I I I The impossible I I doesn't take I I any longer. I I I I It is only I I the improbable I I that takes I I indefinite time. I I____________________I EVERY time you slice a ham for sandwiches, you increase the surface of the meat without adding anything to its volume. Ultimately, your ham is all surface and no volume. Since a hypervolume is all surface, division to finality is the physical operation that converts a tridimensional volume into a quadimensional surface. The single slice of ham in sandwiches sold on the Canadian Pacific Railway, fifty years ago, was shaved so thin that it was practically four-dimensional. Fine division transforms space from a continuum into a discontinuum. Fine division is what quantum physics is all about. The elemental substance of hyperspace is discovered by gradually dividing a volume until it becomes a mathematically perfect plane. We shall proceed with this process by way of a DEDANKEN experiment to discover the perfect four-dimensional element. Planets appear to be solid, tridimensional bodies, as in rigid, but this perception is mistaken. A planet is an ----- exceedingly viscous fluid under the pressure of its own gravity, and it is centripetal force that molds both planets and raindrops into globular shapes. If a giant planet like Jupiter were divided into a few parts, all the segments would eventually collapse under gravity into balls. The plastic planet is actually a mixture of molecules in more or less solution, and you have just proven that a solution has more than three dimensions, although not quite four. Life as we know it, and everything in it, is in between three dimensions and four. If one of the planetary segments were subdivided progressively, a critical size would be attained when the cohesion of the material exceeds the force of its gravity so that it won't collapse into a ball. At this critical size, the planet becomes transformed into a chunk. Subplanetary debris is the nearest thing we have to ideal (tridimensional) volumes that will congregate by their mutual gravitational attraction. Trispace is the proper province of gravity, and it is by gravity that the trispacial world is described. Dividing the planetary chunk into smaller pieces does not produce a congregation of smaller chunks as one may expect from a general understanding of gravity; up to a certain distance, minute chunks effectively repel each other. Over the course of time and continued subdivision, the chunks become a belt of cometary debris extending around the entire length of the orbit. This observed phenomenon reveals that subdivision of a material body to a critical size releases a seemingly mutually repelling force that eventually overcomes gravity. (*1) As trispace is gradually converted into hyperspace by dividing chunks into crystals, electromagnetic forces become manifest until gravity is supervened. Quadspace is the proper province of the electromagnetic field which defines it. Subdivision of a chunk eventually reaches another critical size where individual crystals are defined. When the elemental crystal is divided, it ceases to be a crystal by reduction to a clump of molecules. The molecular clump can be divided until a single molecule remains. At this critical size, one more cut destroys the molecule into free radicals. After the radicals are sectored into electrically active atoms, the next cut demolishes the atom into particles. Eventually all particles are reduced to electrons; the electron is pure electricity. Notice that the electrical force and particle velocity increases inversely with size. The final sectioning transforms the massless volume of the electron into photons. A photon is defined by mathematical physicists as a plane particle. (SIDE-1) In other words, a ----- photon is all surface with no volume. When a tridimensional space is subdivided into its elemental photons, all of its volume is reduced to an infinite surface. At this point, the space is wholly transformed from three dimensions to four. (*2) The empty space of the universe is chock full of nothing but photons. Therefore, empty space is absolutely pure, hypersolid, Grade A, Government Inspected hyperspace. Four-dimensional structures manifest merely two dimensions in trispace (*3); all surfaces are the two-dimensional projections into material form of four-dimensional empty space. All surfaces are planes. All planes are pure energy. All energy is carried by photons. Photons are the agents of all transformation and transmutation. Therefore, all activity, chemistry, electricity, and change occurs on interfacing surfaces; this is why chemical reactions are accelerated by fine division. The geometry of energy is the mathematics of alchemy. When Einstein proved that time stops at light speed, the corollary that light speed is equivalent to infinite velocity also proves that light speed brings everything in the universe into immediate contact at the same time. Since the electro- magnetic field has light speed, every part of it is everywhere at once. In other words, all space everywhere satisfies the definition of a hyperspacial hologram and everything in the universe is in intimate contact with everything else through cosmic wormholes. Since the atom is a part of the universal hologram, every atom must contain all the information of the entire universe. No wonder there is no end to subatomic particles. Correlative with progressive subdivision, the velocities, frequencies, and energy levels of parts and particles increase inversely as an exponential function of size. When subdivision of a tridimensional material body reaches finality by total conversion of volume into plane, material is entirely transformed into pure radiant photonic energy defined by the velocity of light. (*4) In other words, hyperspace is nothing but pure, kinetic energy. The higher dimensions of hyperspace are the very dimensions of energy already measured, plotted, and equated by physicists and engineers since Newton wrote his PRINCIPIA. The same equations that accelerate velocity as an inverse exponential function of size also prove that size is diminished as an exponential inverse function of velocity. In other words, size is reduced by accelerated velocity. As a result, a star decreases in size inversely with increase in mass until it disappears into atomic dimensions upon collapse into the hyperlight zone of a Black Hole. Conversely, a photon grows to infinite size as it decelerates from light speed. (*5) Einstein used the equations of the Fitzgerald Contraction to prove that extension is lost on the axis of travel as a function of accelerated velocity until a structure is squeezed into a plane at light speed; plane photons is the result of that Fitzgerald Contraction. (SIDE-1) From our perspective, Lorentz Transformations occur instantaneously above light speed; immediately over the time barrier at the light limit, the plane contracts into a line and the line collapses into a superdense point. The lines are probably manifest as String Theory and the points are particles composing the strings. CLOSE THIS FILE OPEN FILE "CHAP-1D" ============================================= SIDE-1 The rear end of a racing car crosses the finish line after the front end. From the velocity of the car and the temporal interval between the front and rear ends, the length of the car can be calculated; only professional mathematicians would conceive of such a complicated way to measure the overall length. The front end of a bullet enters a target ahead of the back end. From the velocity of the bullet and the temporal interval between the front and rear ends, the length of the bullet can be calculated. The bullet, however, travels much faster than a car, and a bullet is also much smaller. It is considerably more difficult, therefore, to measure the temporal interval with any significant precision; for all practical purposes, the rear end of a bullet reaches the target in the same instant as the front end. When dealing with a particle as small as a photon travelling at light speed, it is physically impossible to detect any temporal difference between its bow and stern. Therefore, for all mathematical purposes, both leading and trailing surfaces of the photon pass the measuring point in the same instant. Mathematically, it is possible for two separated surfaces to occupy the same point in space at the same instant of time only at infinite velocity; as a consequence, light speed is mathematically equivalent to infinite velocity. Since four dimensions of space are required for two volumes to occupy the same location at the same instant, it follows that acceleration to light speed expands the spacial extension of a structure from three dimensions to four. Conversely, (*3) it is possible for the trailing end of a particle travelling at a finite velocity to pass the measuring point in the same instant as the leading end only if there is no distance between the two ends. A perfect plane is the only mathematical structure without any distance between its front and its rear. Since a plane has no extension in the third dimension, it is mathematically possible to lay an indefinite number of planes in the same plane. And that is why planes answer the definition of hyperspace. Furthermore, the elimination of capacity makes it impossible for a plane to carry any mass, and that is why photons are massless, plane particles. No mass or extension is lost by acceleration; the Fitzgerald Contraction is merely a mathematical illusion produced by the limits of precision. So now you know what the mysterious Fitzgerald Contraction is all about. A child can understand it easily, but professional mathematicians can confuse the obvious beyond the comprehension of a Philadelphia lawyer. --------------------------------------------------------------- *1 The mutually repelling feature of small bodies produces the illusion perceived as the mysterious "Fifth Force". This illusion is produced when the proper velocity of particles/ bodies exceeds the orbital velocity defined by their positions in their field. Collisions among congregated bodies in orbit exchange velocity to produce a gradual separation. --------------------------------------------------------------- *2 Whereas the electrically inert, gravitically active chunk defines the quintessential third dimension, the electromagnetic but massless photon defines the exact plane of the fourth dimension. During its growth, the gravitic field of a star is supervened by its electromagnetic field. When a star collapses into a Black Hole, all its manifest gravitic features condense into the electromagnetic force. A star that collapses into a Black Hole assumes atomic dimensions; the cosmic Black Hole is nothing but a glorified atom. Thus, the third dimension spans the space between quadimensional Black Holes defined by the atom and the quadimensional Black Holes of stars. --------------------------------------------------------------- *3 The same mathematics that prove a photon at light speed to be a plane is extrapolated to prove that a particle's trailing end gets ahead of its leading end when exceeding light-speed, to produce reversal of extension on the axis of travel and reversal of time. In other words, hyperlight speed transforms a structure into its negative. As a practical consequence, orbitting bodies are experimentally proven to precess in time as Einstein calculated correctly. The negative of solid material is mathematically emptier than the perfect vacuum, and that is why a hyperspacial structure can contain an indefinite number of trispacial stuctures in the same space at the same time. All fields have hyperlight centres, which is why all fields suck. All fields are glorified Bournelli Force. Field repulsion is defined wherever the velocity separating particles is less than light speed, but greater than zero. Thus, we find that mutual repulsion is reduced in both directions from a velocity differential of half light speed; the next chapter explains why mutual repulsion is defined by the square root of twice light speed, empirically. As a consequence, we find that all celestial bodies within the same scale of size repel each other more than they attract each other, and that is why all the planets maintain the largest possible average distance from each other, instead of gravitating into a clump. Velikovsky got pilloried for pointing out the mutual interplanetary repulsion that no astrophysicist could see. What greater punishment would have befallen Velikovsky if he managed to explain the phenomenon correctly? --------------------------------------------------------------- *4 A star cannot be tridimensional because it is a mass of free radicals, atomic particles, and blazing photons. A star is actually space in the process of condensing into hyperspace. Most astrophysicists will allow that a Black Hole is space concentrated into hyperspace by gravity. A Black Hole is calculated to be a gravitic centre of such intense concentration that anything falling into it exceeds the speed of light; even light cannot escape from the interior of a Black Hole. Now, if you take this information to an atomic physicist, you will be told that particles radiate intensely as they are accelerated to the speed of light. Specialists never compare notes under penalty of losing their membership cards, but as a lay person, there is nothing to stop you from putting the empirical fact of the atomic physicist to the calculated fact of the astro- physicist to deduce that everything falling into a Black Hole must radiate with the intensity of a quasar before disappearing into the gravitic maelstrom. In other words, it is physically impossible for Black Holes to be black; they must be the most brilliant centres in the known universe. And that is what a star is; a star is the brilliant photosphere surrounding a nascent Black Hole. ------------------------------------------------------------- *5 In a universe undergoing exponential aceleration, every observer experiences himself to be the One Still Point while everything accelerates away at a rate that increases with distance. Since wave strustures accelerate as a condition of their physical existence, the Big Bang is an unnecessary postulate. Since mass is a function of velocity, mass must increase as a function of distance. Infinite mass is found in atomic nuclei where velocities exceed light speed. In fact, all mass is defined by nuclear particles. Since velocity also accelerates to light speed at the event horizon, it follows that the event horizon must also be defined by infinite mass; astrophyicists are busy seeking a lot of missing mass and can't see it for looking. Since gravitation is a product of mass, it is necessary that the cosmos gravitate with accelerating velocity to the event horizon --- which is what the Big Bang is all about. The point is that the self- evident can be confused beyond all comprehension, with a little mathematics, if you don't know what the equations mean. 30 FILENAME: CHAP-1D ____________________________________ I I I Easy things are seldom done I I for the same reason I I that impossible things I I are rarely done; I I no one will pay I I for anything believed to be easy I I or impossible. I I____________________________________I A SIMPLE demonstration will prove that all empty space is a hyperspacial hologram. Fix your camera on a tripod and take a picture through the aperture set at f/16. Then, take another picture after you open the aperture to f/2. You can see that both pictures are practically identical, except for depth of sharply focussed field. The aperture opened to f/2 passes a beam of light sixty- four times greater in area than the aperture closed to f/16. This means that each beam of light, no matter how constricted, contains the same information as every other beam and all beams put together. The only change that aperture makes is the resolution of fine detail. Furthermore, no matter where you set the camera, your pictures reveal essentially the same information; the only difference that perspective makes is the relative sizes and positions of the image details. If your lens could accept rays from all directions, you would see that every location in space contains all the same information as every other location; the differences produced by different locations are merely a matter of spacial sequence, aspects, and relative size. A space that contains all its information in all of its parts answers the mathematical definition of a hologram. You can see for yourself that we live in a cosmic hyperspacial hologram. ----------------------------------------- The hypothesis of the universal hologram is shaking scientific thought to its foundations at this time, but the proof has been self-evident to everyone since the effect of the pinhole camera was noticed. How 'bout that, Sir Isaac? William Blake understood the universal hologram when he saw the universe in a grain of sand; art is truth apprehended directly with no need for logic --- so is insanity. Everyone has seen holograms in charm bracelets, on credit cards, in science fairs, and on the cover of NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC. A hologram can be understood as a moire pattern made with light waves. The EDMUND people at EDMUND SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTS International Operations Department 8780 Edscorp Building Barrington, New Jersey 08007 U.S.A. will sell you a kit of moire patterns to study. Moire patterns serve as moving pictures to illustrate this book. The hologram was inconceivable outside of a small cabal of theoretical physicists who plotted the mathematics since the beginning of this century, and a hologram couldn't be produced until the laser was invented to provide the necessary coherent waves. Without any parade of mathematics, I discovered the hologram while soaking in my tub, with my big toe protruding above the surface of the steamy water. I dare say many other soakers must have made the same discovery since bathing became intentional. (*1) Ordinary light can be represented by splashing water in a bathtub until the surface is covered with random waves. In contrast, a slow drip from the faucet into a tub full of still water covers the surface with a regular, parallel wave pattern, illustrating the coherent light waves in a laser beam. Now, if you set a firm object in the tub so that it breaks the surface of the water, the regular waves will reflect from the surface of the object, and the reflected waves intersect the regular waves at an angle determined by the angle of reflection. Soon the entire surface of the water is covered with a pattern of regular waves perfusing with reflected waves. The remarkable feature of this pattern is that the angles of intersection are about the same over the entire surface; remember Euclid's theorem that a straight line intersects all parallel lines at the same angle. In other words, every part of the surface of the water contains the same information; you have created a hologram in your bathtub. If it were possible to reverse the flow of the reflected waves, they would return to their points of reflection to reconstruct the cross section of the object. The coherent light of a laser beam functions as a moire screen. Waves reflected from an object function as a second moire screen to generate an interference pattern, like you can see in your tub demonstration. A sheet of microfine-grain photographic film placed in the laser light will record a moire pattern of swirls and whorls; no camera or lens is needed. The extremely fine lines defining wave interference function as a diffraction grating and a diffraction grating functions as a lens. When another laser beam is shone through the film, the rays are bent to meet at focal points corresponding to resolved points on the surface of the photographed object so that projection reconstructs the form of the original solid object as a ghostly image in space viewable from all sides. A real ghost is a natural hologram. Any movement while a hologram is being exposed will blur one wave into another to register nothing but an even light fog. Therefore, holograms are photographed on heavy stone tables firmly set on bedrock --- after consulting timetables for nearby railways and jetliner takeoffs, and the children are asleep. Furthermore, the photographic film must be at least as fine- grained as the moire pattern in the laser light if the image is to be resolved. Film speed varies directly with graininess, so holographic microfilm is the slowest emulsion since Daguerre clamped his portrait sitters in a vise. The growing interest in holography is likely to stimulate Great Yellow Father to improve the speed of fine-grain film, while inventors will figure out ways to simulate holography by more practical techniques for making television images in-the-round; the solution to cheap holograms seems to be in computer graphics. Holograms confound common sense because few people have ever seen diffraction gratings, and fewer have any idea how they function as lenses. Light bends around the edge of material particles, like you can see waves bend around your own big toe sticking through the water surface in your tub. Waves are bent by the edges of material structures because every body produces photonic turbulence around its surface, and turbulence retards the smooth transmission of wave energy. The more edges a ray of light brushes, the more it is bent. The amount of bending a diffraction grating imposes on a transmitted beam is determined by the closeness of lines in the area. (SIDE-1) In other words, the refractive index of a diffraction grating is a function of the concentration of the lines; the refractive index approaches infinity as the lines crowd together; the material becomes opaque when the lines touch each other to become a continuous area. A continuously accelerated density of lines across the diameter of a diffraction grating can bend all rays to the same focal point, like a parabolic glass lens or a Fresnel lens. A holograph of a lens functions as a lens. Since it is easier to print a diffraction grating onto an optical flat than to grind and polish delicate glass, Japanese are trying to solve the problems of diffusion and opacity in order to manufacture camera lenses as compact, light, and inexpensive as filters. The swirls and whorls of lines you see on a hologram mean that the light-bending power varies over its surface. A hologram is a complex lens with many focal points. A hologram can also be conceived as an array of innumerable lenses of different focal lengths, each focal point corresponding to a point resolved on the original object. Therefore, a hologram projects a tridimensional image instead of the plane image defined by an ordinary lens with a single focal length. The concept of photographic negative is imprinted in the --------------------- mind so that people continue to perceive the hologram as a negative image even though there is no image on the film. As a consequence, watching a hologram being cut into several pieces with each piece containing the entire image is utterly baffling, demonstrating as it does that Aristotle's Three Laws of Logic are not absolutely true, but merely expresses the way the mind defines its perceptions. This modern miracle of loaves and fishes is also self-evidently simple when you think about what you actually see instead of see what you think you see. A hologram is not a pictorial image, but an array of lenses that projects the same image from any light. You can see how a hologram works by looking through a window sectored into many small panes. The view through each pane is the same, except for parallax displacement, and the view is complete no matter how small the pane. Likewise, you will find the same view through each lens in an array. A hologram is composed of millions of lens-like panes, mixed as thoroughly as gas molecules in the atmosphere. Since every part of a hologram has an equal sampling of replicated lenses, it is obvious that each part must project the same picture in its entirety. As a hologram is reduced in size, however, the number of lenses it contains is reduced, and the holograph becomes fuzzy when there are insufficient lenses to resolve each point in the image, uniquely. (*2) The universal hologram is composed of points in a volume rather than lines on a film plane. Every particle in the cosmos functions as a point in a voluminous diffraction grating, bending light as Einstein calculated the curve of waves around the Sun. The bending produced by the Sun is noticeable only to astrophysicists looking for the phenomenon; the bending of light by atomic particles is immeasurably minute, but there are an infinite number of particles in the cosmos, and compounding their refraction over a few million light years adds up to the curve of space around the fourth dimension. Einstein's mysterious curve of space, you see, can be understood as an effect produced by the diffraction of light as it flows through the cosmos. CLOSE THIS FILE OPEN FILE "CHAP-1E" =========================================== SIDE-1 The refraction of transmitted light by a hologram is produced by wave interference that amplifies phases off the projection axis so that the beam of light appears to turn to one side without any actual bending of the rays. You can see this effect in the way moire patterns are turned from the direction of their elementary waves. The trouble with using a diffraction grating as a lens is that it really diffracts light to produce the illusion of bending; diffraction also produces the colour fringing that blurs all holograms not viewed by laser light. Another way of understanding how a diffraction grating can function as a lens is illustrated by the pinhole camera. Light passing through a pinhole forms an image. Light passing through many pinholes form many overlapping images. The images of random pinholes fuse into a blurry patch of light. If the pinholes are spaced at regular intervals according to wavelength, however, the images will fuse into register to form a brighter and sharper image. A hologram can be considered as an array of pinholes separated at wave length intervals. --------------------------------------------------------------- *1 Itshak Bentov, author of Stalking_The_Wild_Pendulum and A_Co(s)mic_Book, discovered the principle of the hologram in a similar observation. If Diogenes had any water in his tub, he may have been the first Western philosopher to discover the structure of the universe. --------------------------------------------------------------- *2 A hologram is to a picture what a shape program is to a bit- mapped picture in computer graphics. A hologram is the digital code turning ANY light into pictures like a Compact Disc turns ANY electrical current into music. 30 FILENAME: CHAP-1E ____________________________________________ I I I Optics is Relativity in working clothes. I I____________________________________________I WHERE a current of water meets an opposing current, a bar or tidal rip is raised. The water in a opposed wave cycles, but the opposed wave does not travel; it remains raised in one spot as a standing-wave. ------------- A cup of coffee on board a motor vessel or railway car manifests a pattern of concentric, annular standing-waves on its surface. These rings are raised by vibrations radiating from the walls of the cup to the centre, whence they continue until they strike the opposite wall and are reflected to repeat the cycle. The wavelengths which meet each other in exact phase congruence generate the standing-wave pattern; the other vibrations do not interfere with each other. In other words, the standing-waves are a wave/phase interference pattern similar to a moire pattern. The molecules in the central standing-wave swirl in a vortex. The standing-waves you see in your cup is, in fact, a model of the Solar System and atomic structure. Wave velocity is a function of the average particle velocity in the medium. Like cars speeding in traffic, particles driven faster than the average soon pile up a resisting bow wave that forces them to turn. When particles are driven to twice the average velocity, they are forced to turn around a complete circle, effectively stopping most of their net travel and raising a wave that travels at the average particle velocity in the medium. Particles driven faster than twice the average velocity in the medium are forced to turn around a second plane, to generate a secondary wave flowing at right-angles to the primary. The wave pattern you see on the surface of open water reveals these orthogonal dynamics. Particles driven over four times the average in the medium are forced to turn around a third plane at right-angles to the other two, to produce a fluid vortex. (*1) A conical standing-wave is the negative of a vortex. The plane of particle cycling is at right-angles to the surface wave flow; frequency is wave velocity cycling at right- angles to wave flow. Since cycling is produced by exceeding the speed limit, it follows that frequency represents particle velocity above wave velocity. Since momentum increases by the square of velocity, it follows that wave energy must increase by the square of wave frequency. Therefore, when photon velocity reaches light-speed, the electromagnetic wave satisfies the equation, e=mc^2. And where a radiant wave meets another radiant wave in precise phase opposition, the photonic fluid must collapse into a vortex because their photons exceed four times average medium velocity in each wave relative to the other to generate the matter-wave frequencies calculated by de Broglie. Furthermore, the logical definition of a wave cycle makes a partial cycle impossible; therefore all radiant energy must exist in quantum units defined by frequency. Anyone could have deduced the Quantum Theory from observation of watery waves without waiting for Planck to analyze the Ultraviolet Catastrophe and for Einstein to confuse the Theory of Relativity. If you have followed the line of reason through the previous paragraph, you must realize that material particles are created where the photonic field constituting empty space collapses into atomic vorteces. Fluid vorteces, therefore, must manifest the physical properties of material. It is the density gradient of the photonic vortex surrounding material particles that bends light rays. If you inspect a vortex in your bath tub, you will see for yourself that it refracts the light it transmits to cast both a bright spot and a shadow on the bottom of the tub. A whorl comprising a hologram is a standing-wave vortex, and you can see for yourself that it also bends light to produce bright spots and shadows. A vortex manifests the inertia of its spin, and inertia is the definitive physical property of a material particle. Mass is nothing but a measurement of gyroscopic inertia. Physics students can prove in ten minutes that vortex equations are equivalent to field and matter equations. (*2) Since a hologram is defined by vorteces and since particles are vorteces, the universal hologram is a cosmic compound vortex that defines itself by the very waves it transmits. As particles bend light to focal points, and radiant energy condenses into particles at focal points, all the particles in the universal hologram literally procreate all the particles in the universal hologram. Continuous movements throughout the universe produce continuously changing focal points so that all material particles move continuously as they grow and decompose back to radiant energy in the eternal cycle of YIN and YANG. CLOSE THIS FILE OPEN FILE "CHAP-1F" --------------------------------------------------------------- *1 The paradox of the vortex is that its acceleration results in a collapse of volume to produce increasing density while pressure falls; as a consequence, the surrounding medium is sucked into the vortex. In common experience, natural fluid vorteces are ephemeral because velocities exceeding four times the medium average are soon absorbed by the fluid field to raise the average energy of the medium. --------------------------------------------------------------- *2 Newton noticed the congruence between the equations for fields and vorteces, but he decided to omit the proof from his Theory of Gravitation, and postulated a hypothetical attractive force, instead, even though he admitted that it is physically impossible to substantiate an attractive force through empty space. (I credit Mr. Whamond for this historical information.) Einstein rediscovered the identity of field with mass in the calculation of his General Theory of Relativity, and de Broglie rediscovered the same equivalence twenty years later. It just goes to show that the foundations of modern physics could have been laid by anyone knowing the most elementary equations taught in high school without an incomprehensible parade of mathematics backed by national treasuries. 30 FILENAME: CHAP-1F ________________________________________ I I I The original concept of "universe" I I has the same meaning I I as the original concept of hologram; I I to wit, "all in one, I I which is the original concept I I of the God That Is All That Is. I I________________________________________I SCIENTIFIC research is a multibillion dollar industry. Scientists protest that fundamental research depends on megabucks. It is understandable why the scientific profession, like the artistic, medical, and teaching professions, believes that money produces quality. Historical facts, however, contradict the professional sales pitch; the quality of pure science correlates inversely with cash flow. All the seminal discoveries of science were made with apparatus put together for less than $100. Using a teaspoon of sugar, a sheet of tissue paper, a pinhole camera, and a basin of water, you have just discovered the answers to the greatest problems of pure mathematics, physics, and philosophy that defy all the genius in megadollar laboratories. And it didn't take a day of higher education, either, did it? END OF FIRST CHAPTER